Free and open source express: donations to associations, anti-Google Maps alliance, manifesto for sober digital

Free And Open Source Express Donations To Associations Anti Google Maps

Donations to associations: Consider contributing

“A remarkable necessary annual broadcast!”, I noted here last year: For the 11th time, Benoît Sibaud on Linuxfr invites to make donations to associations, in this favorable period (the end of the year, possible deduction of donations) , with all links that fit well and useful explanations and arguments (updated since version 2021). For suggestions from associations to help, the former chairman of April mentions:

“For example, let’s cite some associations for the promotion and defense of free software, rights in the digital space or freedom of expression whose donations are tax-deductible in France: Amnesty France, Debian France, Framasoft, International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) , Libre à Toi / Radio Cause Commune, Human Rights League (LDH), Open Food Facts, OpenStreetMap France, Reporters Without Borders (RSF), Wikimedia France, etc.

And when you bring the principles of free software to life, when you contribute to free projects and defend ideas, you also support associations that do not benefit from the right to deduct donations in France (eg government … or European or not -European associations, or even associations that never did, such as LinuxFr). Examples include AFUL, APRIL, Debian CH (deductible in Switzerland), European Digital Rights (EDRI), En Vente Libre, Exodus Privacy, FACIL, FFII, FSF (with a wide range of ways to give), FSF Europe (deductible in several countries ), Paheko (late Garradin), GNOME and GIMP, Haiku, Internet Archive (deductible in US), KDE eV (deductible in Germany), Léa-Linux, LILA, LQDN, Mageia, Nos Onions, noyb, OKFN , PHP Foundation, SlackBuild.org, Tails (deductible in Germany), Toile Libre, Tor (deductible in US and Europe), Ubuntu-Fr, XSF, etc. (note that they may sometimes deduct donations in other countries, see Decision C- 318/07 mentioned below).’

Alliance for a Free Cartographic Tool: and OpenStreetMap?

The creation of the Overture Maps Foundation, an openly anti-Google Maps alliance, is a big event in December. The founders of this organization announced by the Linux Foundation are Meta (Facebook and Instagram), Microsoft, TomTom and Amazon Web Services (AWS), who want to make map data more accessible to the public so that it can be used by everyone, according to their press release.

Cartography and free data… So what about OpenStreetMap (OSM? Florian Lainez, OSM contributor and CEO of Jungle Bus, devotes an interesting article to it, analyzing the players’ strategy and observing:

“The absence from the OpenStreetMap Foundation’s alliance – which was presented with a fait accompli – marks its relegation as a simple supplier of an upstream database. From now on, the entire world will indeed use OSM data, but it will be via its consumer showcase, Overture, an ecosystem controlled directly by the members of the consortium.

The OpenStreetMap community finds itself de facto marginalized, which is also through the Linux foundation, which served in the operation of the stooge with the librists.

OpenStreetMap did not know – or want – to create the necessary alliances in its latest phase of explosion of activity. Nor has the Collaborative implemented significant reforms regarding its governance, the legal licensing of its data, or the effective usability of the data.

Florian Lainez concludes his presentation with this warning: “For European map and cloud players suffering from Google’s overwhelming dominance, this announcement sounds like a new era where access to raw map data will finally become a convenience.

Nevertheless, becoming a simple consumer of Overture turns out to be a strategic blunder in many ways. The majority of European digital actors who have so far missed the OpenStreetMap train would be equally inspired to rethink their strategy related to geographic data.

Because Overture could well act as a pharmakon, both remedy or poison depending on the dose taken. Too much delegation of the management of this data, which is crucial for the innovations of the coming years, could actually worsen the situation of the entire European ecosystem’s dependence on mainly American players.

Manifesto for a sober and decarbonized digital with free and open source software

The Open Source Hub for the Systematic cluster (Ile-de-France) and the Nouvelle-Aquitaine Open Source cluster (Naos) “join forces to promote free and open source software as a lever of influence for a more responsible and sustainable digital”. The two entities publish a “manifesto for a sober and decarbonized digital with free and open source software”, co-signed by Philippe Montargès, president of the Open Source Hub at Systematic, François Pellegrini and David Joulin, co-presidents of Naos. In particular, this manifesto declares:

“The biggest ecological impact of digital is the manufacture of devices (servers, terminals and equipment), which alone represent almost 75% of the footprint of the digital environment. Being digitally responsible therefore consists first and foremost in extending the life of the equipment.

However, all too often closed software publishers impose updates to much more resource- and energy-demanding versions of their software, requiring mass equipment renewal; Windows Vista was a tragic example of this for desktop computers. Conversely, the installation on older hardware of operating systems and open source software, which are as technically efficient and offer longer support times than the abusive short-term obsolescence policies imposed by closed-source software vendors, makes it possible to significantly increase the lifetime of closed-source software. computer systems. Our sector must lead the fight against the planned obsolescence of software, the key marketing weapon of software and hardware manufacturers.”

“The openness of the code and the ability to customize it allows the developer and the user to have tools that are truly adapted to their needs and to avoid fixed overuse. Open source is thus quite naturally part of a logic of eco-design and consumption in use, which encourages sobriety. The auditability of the code also makes it easier to measure its carbon footprint.

The availability and composition of open source technologies reduces the cost of access to these technologies, which promotes their adoption by organizations and companies that drive their ecological transition. The principles of reciprocity and cooperation inscribed in the DNA of open source communities represent a model of circular technological economy based on the reuse of software components and hardware. The existence of large communities and dedicated foundations guarantees the sustainability of the technologies and the continuation of their development over time. This is how the software infrastructure of the web, since its origin, is more than 80% based on open source systems.

“Optimizing the use of IT resources is also a critical issue in the case of cloud infrastructures. The use of open source tools within each layer (PaaS, IaaS, even SaaS) allows efficient management of infrastructures, and the aggregation of the development of these tools is likely to offer customers a quality service at the lowest price.

All these approaches are part of a global logic of “GreenOps”, convergence of “DevOps” cultures (where development is thought out according to its operation) and “FinOps” (where the consumption of the operation is managed according to budget). It is a question of taking into account at all stages a logic of optimizing the ecological impact of its infrastructural resources.

As we can see, the innovation capacity inherent in the open source model, combined with an ecosystem of very active and local industrial players, can thus contribute to a more sober digital environment.”

also read

Europe wants to promote digital common areas – 23 June 2022

Free Software, a Catalyst for Responsible Projects – April 20, 2022

Framasoft, “Digital Amap”, turns twenty – November 8, 2021

Small fundraiser for a big project: OpenStreetMap France – February 26, 2019

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