Every winter, 30% of children under the age of 2 are affected by bronchiolitis. While in most cases it heals spontaneously after 5 to 10 days, some infants require hospitalization.
Pediatric emergency services are facing a triple epidemic of bronchiolitis, influenza and Covid-19. Bronchiolitis is a respiratory infection in the small bronchi caused by a very common and highly contagious respiratory virus. It can be serious in infants and the elderly. Each year, 30% of children under the age of 2 are affected by bronchiolitis.
“The disease occurs with a breathtaking rise in temperature in infants, with dyspnoea, with very severe breathing difficulties“, explains Dr. Christian Recchia. Most of the time, bronchiolitis begins with a cold and a little cough.
“Bronchiolitis is as serious as acute diarrhea in children in terms of potential survival“. To limit the risk as much as possible, Dr. Recchia reminds us of the need to thoroughly clean the bathroom and the baby’s room.”Cleaning must be done with steam because steam is capable of killing all kinds of viruses, bacteria and miasma“.
Many people are infected without knowing it. On a daily basis, the virus is transmitted through saliva, coughs and sneezes. It can also be deposited on hands and objects that are touched daily. Therefore, it is important to strictly respect hygiene measures (hand washing, daily ventilation, avoiding closed spaces, etc.), which the Ministry of Health reminds us of.
To improve the child’s comfort, it is recommended to give him a bath at two degrees lower than his temperature to bring down the fever. Generally, bronchiolitis resolves spontaneously after 5 to 10 days, but the cough may last longer, up to four weeks. “Hospitalization is very rarely indicated, parents are advised to consult their doctor first.“, recalls the Ministry of Health.
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